Chemical content and various benefits
From the UGM pharmacy website, Moringa oleifera L. contains a unique combination of compounds, namely isothiocyanates and glucosinolates. Isothiocyanate (ITC) is a substance found in various plants, including moringa, and has the potential to be a chemopreventive agent. Experimentally in living organisms (in vivo), isothiocyanates show activity as anticancer agents.
Moringa is known worldwide as a nutritious plant. The World Health Organization (WHO) introduced Moringa as an alternative food to overcome nutritional problems (malnutrition). In Africa and Asia, Moringa leaves are recommended as a nutrient-rich supplement for nursing mothers and growing children.
Krisnadi, A Dudi in the book Moringa Super Nutrition published by the Indonesian Center for Moringa Plant Information and Development, explained that various parts of the Moringa plant such as leaves, roots, seeds, bark, fruit and flowers act as heart and blood circulation stimulants. It has anti-tumor, anti-hypertensive, lowering cholesterol, antioxidant, anti-diabetic, anti-bacterial and anti-fungal properties.
The nutritional components of Moringa leaves include protein, fiber, calcium, magnesium, Vitamin A, Vitamin B and Vitamin C, Vitamin E. The nutrient content is higher in dry leaves.
In the book, Krisnadi said, Moringa leaves contain vitamin A, 10 times more than carrots, 50 times more vitamin B than sardines and nuts. Then, four times more vitamin E than corn oil, four times more beta carotene than carrots. Then, 25 times more iron than spinach, six times more zinc than almonds, 15 times more potassium than bananas, and 17 times more calcium than milk.
The content of high nutritional value, various properties and benefits, he said, has caused Moringa to be nicknamed the mother's best friend and miracle tree. Moringa is believed to have the potential to end malnutrition, hunger, and prevent and cure various diseases in the world.
Nissa Wargadipura, Founder of the Ath-Thaariq Ecology Islamic Boarding School, Garut, said that Moringa is a super food. “Planting it is super too. Yes. Because it is only cut and then planted. If you want stronger roots, you can plant them from seed,” he told Mongabay, Monday (11/23/20).
The use of this moringa, he said, is for food and cosmetics because of its high Vitamin E content. “Good to use wet. alone without a mix. You can also use a mixture, wear a mask and scrub." The trick, blended Moringa leaves without water, then apply to the body, or face. “Well, vitamin E is needed to brighten the skin and strengthen the skin. Until the skin tightens, that is. ”
Moringa can also be used for herbal medicine by brewing the leaves. “We usually 10 leaves for one cup or one big cup is also enough. Made yellowish green. For herbs, it can be fresh, it can also be dried first.”
Nissa also makes Moringa leaves for flavoring dishes. He dried the leaves first, can be mashed into a sprinkling seasoning.
The drying process, he said, was just aerated. Don't go directly to the sun. At the end of drying before packaging, can bake in the oven on low heat for a while to kill bacteria.